Industry group publishes improved cyber guidelines

Dec 14 2018

The third edition of the industry cyber risk management guidelines, ‘Guidelines on Cyber Security Onboard Ships’, addresses the requirement to incorporate cyber risks in the ship’s safety management system (SMS).

It also reflects a deeper experience with risk assessments of operational technology (OT) - such as navigational systems and engine controls - and provides more guidance for dealing with the cyber risks to the ship arising from parties in the supply chain, BIMCO said.

“The industry will soon be under the obligation to incorporate measures to deal with cyber risks in the ship’s safety management system. This had not been tackled in the previous versions,” explained Dirk Fry, director, Columbia Ship Management.  

“The third edition provides additional information, which should help shipping companies carry out proper risk assessments and include measures in their safety management systems to protect ships from cyber-incidents. A new dedicated annex provides measures that all companies should consider implementing to address cyber risk management in an approved SMS,” Fry said.

“This is much easier said than done”, he added, noting that the criminals trying to exploit companies or breach their security are getting more inventive by the minute.

The new guidelines are the third edition in as many years, which reflects the constantly evolving nature of the risks and challenges, the industry group said.

A second key expansion in the guidelines is around operational technology. Ships have more and more operational technology (OT), which is integrated with Information technology (IT) and which can be connected to the internet, but the risks associated with OT are different from IT systems.

For example, malfunctioning IT may cause significant delay of a ship’s unloading or clearance, but with malfunctioning or inoperative OT, there can be a real risk of harm to people, the ship or the marine environment.

“On a ship, the job may be less focused on protecting data while protecting operational systems working in the real world has direct safety implications. If the ECDIS system or software controlling an engine are hit with malware, or if it breaks down due to lack of compatibility after an update of software, it can lead to dangerous situations,” Fry warned.

Another new element contained in the guidelines is a number of examples of actual incidents to demonstrate some of the real-world situations shipowners and operators face.

According to the Cyber security survey by BIMCO, Fairplay and ABS Advanced Solutions, the joint Industry Guidelines on Cyber Security Onboard Ships, are widely used across the industry. The survey also showed industry is more aware of the issue and has increased cyber risk management training, but there remains room for improvement.

A third new focus area is the risk of malware infecting the ship’s systems via the many parties associated with the operation of a ship and its systems.

“The ships are not just sitting there in the middle of the ocean. More and more ships are also closely connected to security systems in the companies’ offices and shippers’ offices and agents’ offices,” said Fry.

Advice includes evaluating the security of service providers, defining a minimum set of requirements to manage supply chain or third-party risks and making sure that agreements on cyber risks are formal and written.

The guidelines also underline the need for ships to be able to disconnect quickly and effectively from shore-based networks, where required.

The following organisations were involved in its production - BIMCO, InterManager, INTERCARGO, INTERTANKO, ICS, IUMI, OCIMF and World Shipping Council (WSC).

They were supported by: Anglo-Eastern, Columbia Ship Management, Maersk Line, Moran Shipping Agencies, as well as the cyber security experts NCC, SOFTimpact, Templar Executives and Cyber Keel.




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