Maritime industry leaders to explore ammonia as marine fuel in Singapore

Mar 11 2021


A.P. Moller - Maersk A/S, Fleet Management Limited, Keppel Offshore & Marine, Maersk Mc-Kinney Moller Center for Zero Carbon Shipping, Sumitomo Corporation and Yara International ASA are pleased to announce that the parties have entered into a Memorandum of Understanding to jointly conduct a feasibility study (hereinafter “Study”) with the aim to be one of the pioneers in establishing a comprehensive and competitive supply chain for the provision of green ammonia1 ship-to-ship bunkering at the Port of Singapore, the largest bunkering port in the world.

Emitting zero CO2 when combusted, ammonia has long been considered as one of the most promising alternative marine fuels to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions within the shipping industry, which is in line with the International Maritime Organization (IMO) strategy to reduce CO2 emission by 2050. In particular, green ammonia possesses great potential as it is produced from only renewable electricity, water and air with no CO2 emission.

 

The Study aims to cover the entire end-to-end supply chain of ammonia bunkering, which includes the development of a cost-effective green1 ammonia supply chain, design of ammonia bunkering vessels, as well as related supply chain infrastructure. Relevant government agencies and experts in Singapore will be engaged in working towards the standardization of safe operation and regulations. The study will assess the supply of ammonia including potential synergies with Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) as a starting point. Considering the comparable requirements for mild refrigerated storage, vessels or barges initially designed for LPG can also handle brown3, blue2 and green1 ammonia.

 

Mr Morten Bo Christiansen, VP and Head of Decarbonisation at A.P. Moller-Maersk, said “Alongside Methanol, at A. P. Moller-Maersk we see green ammonia as an important future fuel for the decarbonisation of our fleet. A dual fuel Ammonia engine is currently under development, but for green ammonia to fuel our vessels in the future we also have supply, infrastructure and safety related challenges to solve, not least when it comes to bunkering operations. We are pleased to work with renowned companies in this field to pave the way for Ammonia as a future fuel to decarbonise global shipping.”

 

Mr Kishore Rajvanshy, Managing Director at Fleet Management, said “We are very pleased to support the development of the green transition pathway for our industry. We participate with our technical expertise across ship types to provide holistic solutions to sustainability, and alongside other alternative fuels such as methanol we feel ammonia will play a significant role”.

 

Mr Chris Ong, CEO of Keppel Offshore & Marine, said, “There are multiple routes to the decarbonisation of the marine industry and we are pleased to be able to leverage our expertise in engineering and bunkering to spearhead the development of cleaner marine fuels such as ammonia. This includes the design of ammonia bunkering and ammonia-powered vessels, as well as developing the value chain necessary for the adoption of ammonia. This is in line with Keppel’s Vision 2030, which includes seizing opportunities in new energy.”

 

“It is key to understand the complete life cycle and safety implications of any future fuel across the supply chain. This project will address gaps in infrastructure and regulation and bring forward the solutions needed for safe operations and bunkering of ammonia in ports. We truly look forward to the collaboration and to contribute to this important work”, said Mr Bo Cerup-Simonsen, CEO of Maersk Mc-Kinney Moller Center for Zero Carbon Shipping.

 

“With this MoU, we embark on our ambition to build the world's first Ship-to-Ship ammonia bunkering base, which highlight our commitment to offer our customers the best available and technologically proven solution to reduce the emission footprint from maritime transport,” said Mr Hajime Mori, executive officer of Sumitomo Corporation.

 

Mr Magnus Ankarstrand, EVP of Yara Clean Ammonia, said “Ammonia as energy carrier is an enabler of the energy transition and we recognize the need for value chain collaboration to make zero emission shipping by using ammonia as a fuel a reality.”

 

 

1Green ammonia: Carbon-free ammonia synthesized from nitrogen and carbon-free hydrogen produced from renewable energy.

2Blue ammonia: Carbon-neutral ammonia produced from natural gas, with the CO2 produced from the processes captured and prevented from entering the atmosphere.

3Brown ammonia: Conventional ammonia produced from natural gas.

 



Related News

IFCHOR and ClearBlue Markets launch new carbon emissions services for shipping

(Apr 15 2021)

Shipbroker IFCHOR and carbon market specialist ClearBlue Markets have partnered to offer carbon emissions advisory services to the shipping industry.



Stolt Tankers launches sustainable biofuel trial on Atlantic crossing

(Apr 09 2021)

In support of its long-term sustainability strategy, Stolt Tankers is partnering with GoodFuels to trial the use of a marine biofuel produced from sustainable and certified feedstocks.



Stena Bulk unveils decarbonisation plan to become net zero emissions business by 2050

(Apr 09 2021)

Leading tanker shipping company Stena Bulk has announced a set of five dated decarbonisation targets which form a comprehensive roadmap for the company to become a net zero business by 2050.



Yara – scrubbers can mean lower CO2

(Mar 25 2021)

Scrubbers + heavy fuel oil can mean a shipping company makes lower CO2 emissions than using low sulphur fuel oil, says Kai Låtun from Yara.



Jotun launches HullKeeper, an advanced hull optimisation programme

(Mar 25 2021)

Jotun HullKeeper enables ship operators to improve hull efficiency, lower costs and improve environmental performance.



April-May 2021

Safety risks from digitalisation and decarbonisation - seafarer mental health - ABS advice on ballast water systems